About 50% of people with diabetes do not know they have it. There is now a range of approved home test kits available, so that those with the illness can be diagnosed early, and treated before serious complications develop. Long term complications associated with diabetes include high blood pressure, heart disease and strokes, high cholesterol, eye damage, kidney failure, nerve damage and leg ulcers.
Diabetes is a condition caused by too much glucose in your blood. Your blood sugar level can be too high if your body does not produce enough of the hormone insulin. There are 2 basic types of diabetes – type 1 usually affects people under 40 and occurs if the body is unable to produce any insulin. Type 2 usually affects people over 40 but can develop at any age. About 9 out of 10 people with diabetes have type 2.
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